Cancer Early Detection

Posted by Fatimah Imah Selasa, 10 Mei 2011 0 comments
Cancer Early Detection About 30% of cancer deaths could be prevented if detected and treated since awal.Tujuan early detection is to detect the presence of cancer cells before it had spread.  
Early detection can be done with notice early symptoms of cancer, such as persistent cough, persistent indigestion, dry mouth, chapped lips, and bleeding from the holes of the body. Also, it can also perform screening to identify cancer early, such as mammography for breast cancer and pap smear for cervical cancer (cervical cancer). Some cancers can be detected early, among others, breast cancer, cervical, prostate, and colorectal. However, not all types of cancer can be detected early.

1. Early Detection of Breast Cancer
- Knowing the normal conditions of the breast, do BSE (Breast Self-Check) and immediately check if there is any abnormality, such as a lump, breast asymmetry, or the presence of liquid blood-stained nipple. Test mammography every year since age 40. Women with a family history of breast and cervical cancer, are advised to undergo routine medical examinations.

2. Early Detection of Cervical Cancer
Beware of excessive vaginal discharge and bleeding after sex. Detection started about 3 years after her first sexual intercourse. Pap smear test every year or vaginal fluid test every 2 years. Women over age 70 who have abnormal pap smear results during the last 10 years can stop cervical cancer screening. Women who had undergone total hysterectomi with the appointment of the cervix, no cervical cancer screening need to do anymore.

3. Prostate Cancer Detection
Happened difficulty urinating in a long time and the increased frequency of urination at night. Test PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) and DRE (Digital Rectal Examination) is conducted every year from the age of 50 years. Men with high risk and family history of prostate cancer, should start detection since the age of 45 years.

4. Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer
Early symptoms of colorectal cancer is visible is the change in eating habits, body weight continued to fall, anemia, and there is blood in the stool. Since the age of 50 years men and women are encouraged to undergo one of the following examination.:
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years.
- Colonoscopy every 10 years.
- fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) or fecal Immunochernical Test (FIT) every year.

Source: fkunhas  


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